Dental caries are formed due to tooth decay, and this condition is common for both children and adults. The common symptoms of the cavities in teeth include toothaches, sensitivity to foods at extreme temperature and even actual holes in the tooth. The cavities normally occur due to the erosion of the teeth by oral bacteria. In simple terms, the bacteria will release harmful chemicals as it digests sugars in the mouth. Direct corrosion of the enamel can also occur if you ingest acidic drinks and foods. If you suspect that you have dental caries, you should know the available resolution procedures. This will help in understanding the best treatment option for your condition.


The most advantageous treatment for dental caries is the use of fillings. This technique involves using a specialised material to cover the hole in the tooth and restore the normal dental function and general shape. Moreover, the filling will prevent the continued corrosion of the teeth by sealing out acids and bacteria. Normally, this type of treatment is an outpatient procedure. The dentist will clean the affected tooth using dental drills or abrasion equipment and then cover the area with the filling. The common filling materials to consider for dental carries include silver amalgam, gold, composite and porcelain resin fillings.

Tooth Extraction

Tooth fillings are appropriate for cavity treatment if the decay has only affected the enamel and dentin structures of the teeth. If the damage to the tooth is more extensive, your dentist might recommend tooth extraction. This is often prescribed if the pulp cavity and roots have experienced decay to the point where root canals and fillings cannot restore the structure. Most teeth can be extracted using elevator and forceps techniques. However, if the tooth is broken and has minimal stability, surgical intervention might be required to remove all the pieces. The doctor might recommend dental implants after the gum is healed; this will allow you to get a new manufactured tooth for the space.

Onlays and Inlays

If you do not want to choose dental fillings, you should inquire about the possibility of getting dental inlays or onlays. The procedure is similar because the dentist will need to eliminate and clean the affected portions of the dental structure. The inlay is essentially a filling made by taking the mould of the cavity. The onlay is similar to a restorative crown, but it only covers the cusps of the teeth. Both of these restoration products will be prepared in a laboratory and installed later.