If your child is complaining of gum pain, it could stem from any number of conditions. Sometimes, they might just have a new tooth coming in, but other times, gum pain can be a warning of something more serious. Whatever the problem is, it's important to find the cause before your child begins to suffer from complications like difficulty eating and severe discomfort. Here are 3 possible causes of gum pain in children and how they can be fixed.


Research shows that the majority of children suffer from gingivitis (mild gum disease) due to the amount of sugary food they consume and their difficulty in following dental hygiene rules. If your child does have gingivitis, you may notice they have bad breath, receding gums, or complaints of tenderness. The best way to treat gingivitis is to get rid of the bacteria that causes it by convincing your child to keep a regular dental hygiene schedule. Brushing and flossing at least twice a day should be enough in most cases. Make sure your child uses a soft-bristled toothbrush to reduce the risk of more gum pain, and choose a toothpaste that contains fluoride for maximum protection.


Sometimes, gingivitis develops into a more serious form of gum disease called periodontitis. This occurs when your child's gums are infected over a long-term period. If your child experiences severely swollen or bleeding gums and pus seeping from between their teeth, periodontitis is a highly likely diagnosis. At this point, a deep cleaning is much needed, so it's best to head to the dentist who can offer professional treatment. The disease can progress to the point of damaging the bones that support your child's teeth, so early treatment is very important. Afterwards, your child will also need a new mouthwash which contains the proper antibiotics to keep the infection from reoccurring. Your dentist will be able to recommend the best brand for your child.

Lack of vitamins

Other than gum diseases, there are also other medical causes that may be behind your child's gum pain. A lack of vitamins such as vitamin C or vitamin K, for example, can directly impact the bones inside your child's gums, causing pain or swelling. These problems come because vitamin C is essential in the fight against oral bacteria, strengthening your child's gums and teeth. Vitamin K, meanwhile, activates a protein that is necessary for the growth of new dentin within the teeth. If your child doesn't have a high enough level of either of these vitamins, they can begin to develop gum pain.

For more information, contact a local dentist.